The Oldest University in Indonesia – Indonesia has many schools and even universities that you can easily enter if you have above average intelligence. In fact, it is not uncommon for universities to have good facilities and learning for you. Which university holds the title of the oldest university in the world? Most of you probably answered: Al-Azhar University or the University of Oxford. These two universities are indeed included in the list of the oldest universities in the world. However, they are not the oldest.
1. University of Al-Qarawiyyin
Nearly 12 centuries old, the University of Al-Qarawiyyin is the oldest campus in the world. The campus was founded in 859 AD and is located in Fez, Morocco.
Initially, the University of Al-Qarawiyyin was a mosque which was often referred to as Jami’ah Al-Qarawiyyin as an educational center for the local Muslim community.
Scientific studies at this mosque are even equivalent to the college level. Therefore, in 1998, The Guinness Book of Records recorded Jami’ah Al-Qarawiyyin as the oldest university in the world.
2. Al-Azhar University
Although it did not acquire university status until 1961, Al-Azhar University remains one of the oldest campuses in the world which was founded in early 970 AD in Cairo, Egypt.
Initially, Al-Azhar University was first recognized as a center for Islamic learning by developing a modern curriculum for secular subjects. But now in addition to traditional studies, the school also offers programs in business, economics, science, medicine, engineering, and agriculture.
3. University of Bologna
Another oldest campus is the University of Bologna which was founded in 1088 in the Italian city of Bologna. This campus has always been famous for doctoral studies, but now there are other study programs.
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4. University of Oxford
Founded between 1096-1167, the University of Oxford is one of the oldest campuses in the world. The best campus in the UK is also known for its best graduates.
Call it alumni who managed to become British Prime Minister, Archbishop of Canterbury, saint, Nobel laureate, Nobel Prize winner and one Sir title. One of the famous alumni is Stephen Hawking.
5. University of Salamanca
The University of Salamanca was founded in 1134 and awarded the Royal Charter in 1218, making it the oldest institution in Spain, after the now defunct University of Palestine.
Located west of Madrid, the University of Salamanca was the institution where Christopher Columbus made his case for royal support in his Indies expeditions in the late 15th century.
6. University of Paris
The next oldest campus is the University of Paris which was founded between 1160 and 1250 in the French capital. The campus is also known as ‘la Sorbonne’, or one of the first universities to be established in Europe.
The University of Paris is now scattered throughout the city and was divided into 13 autonomous institutions in 1970. Among these are the University of the Sorbonne (a new merger of the University of Paris-Sorbonne and the University of Pierre and Marie Curie) and the Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne.
7. University of Cambridge
Founded in 1209 by a group of scholars who left Oxford University due to political conflicts, Cambridge University is now ranked seventh in the world.
Cambridge is a university in the UK which until now has a tradition of fair competition with its predecessor, Oxford.